Environment and Rural Development Program

Target Groups Community workers, land use and development planning experts at the national and local levels and trainers
Location Region 6 (Leyte and Southern Leyte), Region 8 (Negros Occidental and Antique Province)
Duration July 2005 to June 2014
Donors German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)


Local land use and development planning is key to address the need of the rural low-income households. It enables the delivery of well-coordinated and effective services to the rural poor.

The Eastern Visayas remains one of the poorest regions in the Philippines with poverty pegged at 32.9 % (NSCB, 2006). In Leyte Island, most municipalities have outdated land use plans which do not reflect recent changes in demography and actual land use. They also leave types of land use unregulated. This situation prevents an efficient use of land and the sustainable management of natural resources.


The Natural Resources Governance (NRG) component of EnRD seeks to improve planning and implementation procedures for natural resources management at the local levels.


The NRG component serves as the lynchpin to EnRDs cooperation with the national and local governments in Leyte Island. This is done through participatory land use and development planning at the barangay, municipal and provincial levels. Conflict and gender sensitivity are applied as underlying principles.

The Program supports the updating of two Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plans (PDPFP) and the formulation or updating of Municipal Comprehensive Land Use (CLUP) and Development Plans (CDP) through broad stakeholder participation.

Interventions strengthen the capacities of planners from regional line agencies and LGUs. Two regional capacity buiding networks pool have been formed, composed of trainers with planning facilitation skills from the provincial offices, the academe and the League of Planning and Development Coordinators as well as selected DILG-Provincial Coaches. These trainers pool are undergoing capability enhancements to include participatory, climate change adaptation, conflict and gender-sensitive planning. Training in the production and analysis of maps and other related information using Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) for the regional line agencies and local government units have also been conducted. These interventions contribute to improving local land use and development planning and management and the adoption of more time and cost efficient practices in the planning management process of ecosystems at the local level.

Results achieved so far:


  • Improved governance of natural resources 
    • Leyte and Sourthern Leyte approved the Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of their respective Provincial Environment Code and formulated their Provincial Development and Physical Framework Plans to benefit the entire island population (2.1 million)
    • Three Comprehensive Land Use Plans (CLUP) have been approved, six municipalities and one city have finalized their draft plans. Three municipalities and two cities have integrated their forest land use plans into their CLUP.
    • 330 barangays have formulated their respecitive five-year barangay investment program and are currently implementing prioritized natural resources management projects.
    • 3,700 households in 15 municipalities in Leyte and Southern Leyte benefited from the rehabilitatio of priority infrastructures in 2010 funded by a special BMZ allocation for rural development.
    • Real Property Taxes (RPT) are now collected electronically in 18 municipalities in Leyte, the average increase RPT collection in Leyte is 33%. Seven municipalities have integrated real property taxation in to land use planning.
  • Conflicts are constructively handled through participatory planning processes. About 70% pose a good chance of being resolved at the barangay level.


To learn more about our work, approaches and results, please check also our publications





The Environment and Rural Development (EnRD) Program is a joint initiative between the Philippine and the German Government. EnRD is implemented
by the Department of Agriculture (DA), Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.

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