Environment and Rural Development Program

Target Groups Local Communities
Location Leyte and Negros Islands
Duration July 2005 to June 2014
Donors German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)


The Philippines is widely known for a variety of aquatic resources and fisheries products. This is due to the fact that it covers 7,107 islands and is located in the Coral Triangle, a region with the highest marine biodiversity in the world.

Half of the approximately 2.7 million metric tons production of capture fisheries originates from smallholder coastal fishers, a sector which secures the livelihood of more than 700,000 fisherfolk and traders. However, the sector is under enormous threat with most of the fishing grounds over-exploited and degraded. Destructive fishing practices like dynamite and poison fishing have considerably reduced resources. Valuable coastal habitats like mangrove forests, sea grass beds and coral reefs are diminishing, and therewith essential breeding and nursery grounds for marine organisms.


The Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) component of EnRD seeks to improve the management of coastal fisheries resources on a sustainable basis.


EnRD assists in the development of Integrated Coastal Management (ICM) plans as well as in the establishment of a regulatory and financial framework. This includes fisheries regulations, vessel registration and support to coastal law enforcement. It closely cooperates with the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR).

The Program supports the participative establishment of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). Counterpart staff, members of the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Management Councils (FARMCs) and Bantay Dagat patrols (community fish wardens) are capacitated to curb illegal fishing activities.

In addition, EnRD supports sustainable coastal aquaculture (e.g. gravid holding pen crab culture).

Results achieved so far:


  • Improved governance of coastal and marine fishery
    • 40 ICM plans formulated and under various stages of implementation and integration into broader local government management schemes (Region 6 and 8)
    • 10,300+ sq.km of improved fishery management in Region 6 and 8
    • Partner local governments established ICM self-assessment tool (Process and Results Monitoring Matrix) incorporating elements of gender, conflict and good governance
    • 394 sq.km have been designated as Marine Protected Areas in 40 municipalities in Region 6 and 8
  • Uniform coastal regulations and techniques through alliance building and strengthening
    • Seven local government alliances ( four in Region 6 and three in Region 8) have improved the delivery of services for coastal fisheries resources management
    • The alliances formulated a uniform fishery ordinance (UFO) and alliance-based fishery law enforcement teams (AFLET) has been organized / deputized to enforce teh said UFOs and to provide checks and balances. Furthermore, Alliance Wide Law Enforcement Operational Plans have been formulated based on their assessment of issues, manpower and technical gaps.
  • More mangroves lining the coasts, more fish in the sea
    • 13 Marine Protected Areas was declared as of March 2012 in Negros Occidental
    • The mangrove greenbelt project has reforested 24 has in Southern Leyte
    • The improved level of protection and management of coastal areas have resulted to an increasing trend of target fish densities and biodiversity inside Marine Protected Areas in Region 6 and 8
    • Increased catch per unit effort (CPUE) ranging from 2 to 19 kg / man hour in some areas, such as those in the Pacific sites of Region 8
  • Income generation 
    • Based on the 2011 Fish Catch Monitoring Report, in Sagay, the range of daily income for a municipal fisher can range from PhP15 to PhP1,300+, with average take home pay being PhP290, mostly from the use of hook and line and gill nets.
    • Local governments in central Negros Occidental are now reaping the benefits of having established a tariff system where an income of up to PhP3M is generated from fees collected from shellfish production, fishing vessel registration and licensing, and Bantay Dagat apprehensions. These have been put in place as a result of their CFRMM plans and habitat protection efforts.

To learn more about our work, approaches and results, please check also our publications







The Environment and Rural Development (EnRD) Program is a joint initiative between the Philippine and the German Government. EnRD is implemented
by the Department of Agriculture (DA), Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.

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