Environment and Rural Development Program

Target Groups Low income farm and fisherfolk households
Location Leyte Island
Duration January 2010 to February 2012
Donors European Commission - Food Facility;
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)


Agriculture is one of the most important sectors of the Philippine economy. It accounts for 20% of the countrys Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs one-third of the total labor force. However, the agricultural production and productivity have been insufficient to provide the countrys food demand. Reasons for this situation are degradation of natural resources, rapid population growth, natural disasters aggravated by climate change and the food price crisis in 2008. The slump in the agricultural sector resulted in reduced income for the already vulnerable farmer and fisher folk households.


The Enhancement of Food Security (EFOS) component of EnRD aims to increase the household income of the rural poor in Leyte Island.


In answer to the negative implications of the food price crisis, EFOS applies a two-fold approach: (1) short-term relief for poor farmers and fisherfolk households through cash-for-work schemes and (2) promotion of medium to long-term productivity enhancing and income-securing measures. This approach is done in cooperation with the Regional Office of the Department of Agriculture (DA).

The cash-for-work scheme provides immediate additional income to poor households while establishing and rehabilitating important rural infrastructure for agriculture, forestry and fisheries (e.g. small-scale irrigation systems, farm to market roads, mangrove planting).

To augment the income of poor households while securing food availability and quality in the whole region, EFOS provides and rehabilitates small-scale post harvest, value adding and marketing facilities. It promotes productivity enhancing technologies as well as submergence and drought tolerant rice varieties.

In addition, EFOS develops and promotes parametric crop insurance schemes to lessen income losses after natural disasters. The insurances will cover weather-related hazards by providing financial resources for the affected farmers. The compensation is paid on the basis of a pre-determined amount of rainfall, regardless of the actual damage inflicted by the disaster. This accelerates the payment when cash is needed most, since damage assessments are not needed anymore.



  • Food security addressed through improved land use planning
    • 16 municipalities in Leyte and Southern Leyte incorporated food security concernst into updating of their Comprehensive Land Use Plans- three are approved, six municipalities and one city have finalized their draft plans. Likewise, at the provincial levels, food security issues are addressed in their respective Provincial Physical Framework Plan.
  • Improved cash income and rural infrastructure
    • 12,000 households participated in cash-for-work measures in 2011. They received PhP35 million in wages and rehabilitated or constructed physical assets such as farm-to-market roads, upland foot trails, communal irrigation canals, mangrove areas and watershed areas. The total beneficiaries are 47,000+ households. 
  • Increased agricultural productivity and production
    • 31,000 households increased their productivity, resulting to a: 23% increase in rice yield per hectare per cropping seasons; 48 units of protective structures for year-round (or climate-proof) communical vegetable production established in seven local goverments which resulted to a contract with a 3-star hotle for the supply of high value vegetables; organic waste facilities construction in two local governments and a provincial and municipal fish hatcheries-producing and distributing an average of 5 million fingerlings annually.
  • Contracted crop insurance schemes for income loss 
    • 7,534 in 28 municipalities benefited from crop insurance schemes


To learn more about our work, approaches and results, please check also our publications





The Environment and Rural Development (EnRD) Program is a joint initiative between the Philippine and the German Government. EnRD is implemented
by the Department of Agriculture (DA), Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.

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