Environment and Rural Development Program

Target Groups Vulnerable households, staff of government agencies involved in disaster risk management
Location Leyte and Samar Island
Duration June 2006 to September 2011
Donors European Commission - DIPECHO;
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)


The Philippines is regularly ravaged by earthquakes, typhoons and volcanic eruptions. Every year, floods, landslides and typhoons destroy valuable agricultural land and settlements and claim human lives. The reason for this is not only rooted in the countrys exposure but also in the vulnerability of the Philippine society. The poor are particularly affected, often unable to engage in risk reducing measures themselves and/or to mobilize relevant agencies to take necessary measures.

The Philippines is still in the process of shifting from a rather reactive disaster management to a proactive disaster risk reduction and management. This is underlined by the recently signed Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) Act. The core problem remains: municipalities do not have sufficient capacities to deal with natural hazards. They lack expertise, robust local data, management capacity and the funds to plan and implement well-targeted risk reduction measures.


The Disaster Risk Management (DRM) component of EnRD aims to make Disaster Risk Management an integral part of local development initiatives and hence reduce the negative impacts of natural hazards.


EnRD supports selected local government units (LGUs) and the affected population in Leyte and Samar Islands. It assists them in identifying appropriate risk reducing measures and how to operationalize them.

Awareness on local natural hazards and corresponding measures to reduce risks is important for the motivation and participation of the affected population as well as decision-makers and planners. Therefore, EnRD engages in awareness and sensitization activities and includes therein possible effects of climate change.

To showcase the effectiveness of DRM, the Program supports hazard mitigation measures such as slope stabilization, river bank protection and tree planting for erosin and flood prevention.

The EnRD strengthens early warning systems focusing on community-based approaches. Aside from flood early warning systems, it enhances these early warning systems to include other hazards such as landslides and tsunamis.

Results achieved so far:


  • 301,807 persons and barangay officials have increased awareness and knowledge on natural hazards and disaster risk reduction.
  • Measures reducing the impact of erosion, landslides and floods benefit 75,242 persons.
  • Flood early warning systems (FEWS) have been installed and successfully tested in six communities from which 185,514 persons benefit. The FEWSs in St. Bernard, Southern Leyte, and Binahaan, Leyte, proved already their effectiveness by issuing timely warnings to residents of flood-affected areas.
  • Buildings have been improved by several construction companies according to safety principles promoted by EnRD.


To learn more about our work, approaches and results, please check also our publications





The Environment and Rural Development (EnRD) Program is a joint initiative between the Philippine and the German Government. EnRD is implemented
by the Department of Agriculture (DA), Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR)
and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH.

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